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NOT SUPPORTED

Ubuntu ARM install of ROS Groovy

There are currently some experimental builds of ROS for Ubuntu Oneiric armel, Ubuntu Precise armel and armhf, and Ubuntu Quantal armhf. These builds do not include all packages, but they should save a considerable amount of time compared to doing a full source-based installation.

The Ubuntu armel build farm status is available here, the armhf farm is here, and the build farm is maintained by Austin Hendrix.

Installation

Configure your Ubuntu repositories

Configure your Ubuntu repositories to allow "restricted," "universe," and "multiverse." You can follow the Ubuntu guide for instructions on doing this.

Setup your sources.list

Setup your computer to accept software from the ARM mirror on packages.ros.org.

Due to limited resources, there are only active builds for Oneiric armel and Precise armhf, since these appear to be the most popular Ubuntu distributions in use on ARM.

  • Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise armhf)

    • sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.namniart.com/repos/ros precise main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'

    Ubuntu 12.10 (Quantal armhf)

    • sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.namniart.com/repos/ros quantal main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'

Set up your keys

  • wget http://packages.ros.org/ros.key -O - | sudo apt-key add -
    wget http://packages.namniart.com/repos/namniart.key -O - | sudo apt-key add -

Installation

First, make sure your Debian package index is up-to-date:

  • sudo apt-get update

There are many different libraries and tools in ROS. Most of the default configurations do not yet compile fully on ARM. You can also install ROS packages individually.

  • ROS-Base: (Bare Bones) ROS package, build, and communication libraries. No GUI tools.

    • sudo apt-get install ros-groovy-ros-base

    Individual Package: You can install a specific ROS package (replace underscores with dashes of the package name):

    • sudo apt-get install ros-groovy-PACKAGE
      e.g.
      sudo apt-get install ros-groovy-ros

To find available packages, use:

apt-cache search ros-groovy

Initialize rosdep

Before you can use ROS, you will need to install and initialize rosdep. rosdep enables you to easily install system dependencies for source you want to compile and is required to run some core components in ROS.

sudo apt-get install python-rosdep
sudo rosdep init
rosdep update

Environment setup

It's convenient if the ROS environment variables are automatically added to your bash session every time a new shell is launched:

echo "source /opt/ros/groovy/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc

If you have more than one ROS distribution installed, ~/.bashrc must only source the setup.bash for the version you are currently using.

If you just want to change the environment of your current shell, you can type:

source /opt/ros/groovy/setup.bash

Getting rosinstall

rosinstall is a frequently used command-line tool in ROS that is distributed separately. It enables you to easily download many source trees for ROS packages with one command.

To install this tool on Ubuntu, run:

sudo apt-get install python-rosinstall

Tutorials

Now, to test your installation, please proceed to the ROS Tutorials.


CategoryCategory

Ubuntu ARM install of ROS Hydro

There are currently some experimental builds of ROS for Ubuntu Precise, Quantal and Raring armhf. These builds do not include all packages, but they should save a considerable amount of time compared to doing a full source-based installation.

The Ubuntu ARM build farm status is available here, and the build farm is maintained by Austin Hendrix.

Supported/Tested Platforms

If this install works for your platform, please list it here:

Installation

Configure your Ubuntu repositories

Configure your Ubuntu repositories to allow "restricted," "universe," and "multiverse." You can follow the Ubuntu guide for instructions on doing this.

Set your Local

Boost and some of the ROS tools require that the system local be set. You can set it with:

  • sudo update-locale LANG=C LANGUAGE=C LC_ALL=C LC_MESSAGES=POSIX

Setup your sources.list

Setup your computer to accept software from the ARM mirror on packages.ros.org.

Due to limited resources, there are only active builds for Raring armhf, since this appear to be the most popular Ubuntu distribution in use on ARM.

  • Ubuntu 13.04 (Raring armhf)

    • sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.namniart.com/repos/ros raring main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'

    Ubuntu 12.10 (Quantal armhf)

    • sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.namniart.com/repos/ros quantal main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'

    Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise armhf)

    • sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.namniart.com/repos/ros precise main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'

Set up your keys

  • wget http://packages.namniart.com/repos/namniart.key -O - | sudo apt-key add -

Installation

First, make sure your Debian package index is up-to-date:

  • sudo apt-get update

There are many different libraries and tools in ROS. Most of the default configurations do not yet compile fully on ARM. You can also install ROS packages individually.

  • ROS-Base: (Bare Bones) ROS package, build, and communication libraries. No GUI tools.

    • sudo apt-get install ros-hydro-ros-base

    Individual Package: You can install a specific ROS package (replace underscores with dashes of the package name):

    • sudo apt-get install ros-hydro-PACKAGE
      • e.g.
      sudo apt-get install ros-hydro-slam-gmapping

To find available packages, use:

apt-cache search ros-hydro

Install Sizes

Base Package

Total Install Size

ros-hydro-ros

364MB

ros-hydro-pcl-ros

850MB

ros-hydro-navigation

891MB

Initialize rosdep

Before you can use ROS, you will need to install and initialize rosdep. rosdep enables you to easily install system dependencies for source you want to compile and is required to run some core components in ROS.

May be broken in Hydro for armhf builds. The latest version reported by apt is 0.10.18-1, but 0.10.21-1 is required. (Interestingly the .deb appears in the repository but is not 'active' when an apt-get update is performed.

sudo apt-get install python-rosdep
sudo rosdep init
rosdep update

Environment setup

It's convenient if the ROS environment variables are automatically added to your bash session every time a new shell is launched:

echo "source /opt/ros/hydro/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc

If you have more than one ROS distribution installed, ~/.bashrc must only source the setup.bash for the version you are currently using.

If you just want to change the environment of your current shell, you can type:

source /opt/ros/hydro/setup.bash

Getting rosinstall

rosinstall is a frequently used command-line tool in ROS that is distributed separately. It enables you to easily download many source trees for ROS packages with one command.

To install this tool on Ubuntu, run:

sudo apt-get install python-rosinstall

Verifying OS name

Make sure your OS name defined at /etc/lsb-release is as the following. Since ros does not recognize Linaro as an OS, this is necessary. The following is for Ubuntu 13.04, raring. Modify the release number and name as per your target.

DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu
DISTRIB_RELEASE=13.04
DISTRIB_CODENAME=raring
DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION="Ubuntu 13.04"


CategoryCategory

Ubuntu ARM install of ROS Indigo

There are currently builds of ROS for Ubuntu Trusty armhf. These builds include most but not all packages, and save a considerable amount of time compared to doing a full source-based installation.

Supported/Tested Platforms

If this install works for your platform, please list it here:

Installation

Configure your Ubuntu repositories

Configure your Ubuntu repositories to allow "restricted," "universe," and "multiverse." You can follow the Ubuntu guide for instructions on doing this.

Set your Locale

Boost and some of the ROS tools require that the system locale be set. You can set it with:

  • sudo update-locale LANG=C LANGUAGE=C LC_ALL=C LC_MESSAGES=POSIX

If there is a problem. Then try (other languages could be added):

  • $ export LANGUAGE=en_US.UTF-8
    $ export LANG=en_US.UTF-8
    $ export LC_ALL=en_US.UTF-8
    $ locale-gen en_US.UTF-8
    $ dpkg-reconfigure locales

Setup your sources.list

Setup your computer to accept software from the ARM mirror on packages.ros.org.

Due to limited resources, there are only active builds for Trusty armhf (14.04), since this is the stable, long-term Ubuntu release and is the most-requested distribution in conjunction with ROS Indigo.

  • Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty armhf)

    • sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu trusty main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'

Set up your keys

  • sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-key 421C365BD9FF1F717815A3895523BAEEB01FA116

You can try the following command by adding :80 if you have gpg: keyserver timed out error due to a firewall

  • sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 --recv-key 421C365BD9FF1F717815A3895523BAEEB01FA116

Installation

First, make sure your Debian package index is up-to-date:

  • sudo apt-get update

There are many different libraries and tools in ROS - not all compile fully on ARM. You can also install ROS packages individually.

  • ROS-Base: (Bare Bones) ROS package, build, and communication libraries. No GUI tools.

    • sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-ros-base

    Desktop Install: ROS, rqt, rviz, and robot-generic libraries

    • sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-desktop

Add Individual Packages

  • You can install a specific ROS package (replace underscores with dashes of the package name):
    • sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-PACKAGE
      • e.g.
      sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-navigation

To find available packages, use:

apt-cache search ros-indigo

The Ubuntu ARM package status is available here

Install Sizes

Base Package

robot variant

desktop variant

407 MB

572 MB

~1GB

Initialize rosdep

Before you can use ROS, you will need to install and initialize rosdep. rosdep enables you to easily install system dependencies for source you want to compile and is required to run some core components in ROS.

sudo apt-get install python-rosdep
sudo rosdep init
rosdep update

Environment setup

It's convenient if the ROS environment variables are automatically added to your bash session every time a new shell is launched:

echo "source /opt/ros/indigo/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc

If you have more than one ROS distribution installed, ~/.bashrc must only source the setup.bash for the version you are currently using.

If you just want to change the environment of your current shell, you can type:

source /opt/ros/indigo/setup.bash

If you use zsh instead of bash you need to run the following commands to set up your shell:

echo "source /opt/ros/indigo/setup.zsh" >> ~/.zshrc
source ~/.zshrc

Getting rosinstall

rosinstall is a frequently used command-line tool in ROS that is distributed separately. It enables you to easily download many source trees for ROS packages with one command.

To install this tool on Ubuntu, run:

sudo apt-get install python-rosinstall

Verifying OS name

Make sure your OS name defined at /etc/lsb-release is as the following. Since ros does not recognize Linaro as an OS, this is necessary. The following is for Ubuntu 14.04, trusty. Modify the release number and name as per your target.

DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu
DISTRIB_RELEASE=14.04
DISTRIB_CODENAME=trusty
DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION="Ubuntu 14.04"

Build farm status

The packages that you installed were built by ROS build farm. You can check the status of individual packages here.

Tutorials

Now, to test your installation, please proceed to the ROS Tutorials.

Obtain source code of the installed packages

If you know the location of the repository of each package, you know you can obtain all the code there. But it's often hard even for experienced developers to reach the correct maintained repository of certain packages. Also, in some situations you just want to get the source of the released, installed version of a package. The methods described here the best for these cases.

  • In earlier days of ROS (supposedly electric or earlier) you can obtain by the way noted in this question.

  • Now just apt-get source (sudo not needed) as following. You don't even need to explicitly specify deb-src entry etc. This downloads from the server all the files in the released version of the package (i.e. things not installed in the installation rule (e.g. CMakeLists.txt) are also included).

    $ apt-get source ros-hydro-laser-pipeline
    Drawback might be that you have to specifify a single, exact package name (asterisk doesn't work).

Using RVIZ

It is not recommended to run rviz on most ARM-based CPUs. They're generally too slow, and the version of OpenGL that is provided by the software (mesa) libraries it not new enough to start rviz.

'IF' you have a powerful board with a GPU and vendor-supplied OpenGL libraries, it might be possible to run rviz. The IFC6410 and the NVidia Jetson TK1 are two such boards where rviz will run, although neither is fast enough for graphics-heavy tasks such as displaying pointclouds.

Note that rviz will segfault if you have the GTK_IM_MODULE environment variable set, so it's best to unset it in your ~/.bashrc:

unset GTK_IM_MODULE


CategoryCategory

Ubuntu ARM install of ROS Jade

There are currently builds of ROS for Ubuntu Trusty armhf. These builds include most but not all packages, and save a considerable amount of time compared to doing a full source-based installation.

Supported/Tested Platforms

If this install works for your platform, please list it here:

Note, many of these were automatically copied over from Indigo (assumed to work, please remove from this list if that is not the case).

Installation

Configure your Ubuntu repositories

Configure your Ubuntu repositories to allow "restricted," "universe," and "multiverse." You can follow the Ubuntu guide for instructions on doing this.

Set your Locale

Boost and some of the ROS tools require that the system locale be set. You can set it with:

  • sudo update-locale LANG=C LANGUAGE=C LC_ALL=C LC_MESSAGES=POSIX

Setup your sources.list

Setup your computer to accept software from the ARM mirror on packages.ros.org.

Due to limited resources, there are only active builds for Trusty armhf (14.04), since this is the stable, long-term Ubuntu release and is the most-requested distribution in conjunction with ROS Jade.

  • Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty armhf)

    • sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu trusty main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'

Set up your keys

  • sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 --recv-key 421C365BD9FF1F717815A3895523BAEEB01FA116

Installation

First, make sure your Debian package index is up-to-date:

  • sudo apt-get update

There are many different libraries and tools in ROS - not all compile fully on ARM. You can also install ROS packages individually.

  • ROS-Base: (Bare Bones) ROS package, build, and communication libraries. No GUI tools.

    • sudo apt-get install ros-jade-ros-base

Add Individual Packages

  • You can install a specific ROS package (replace underscores with dashes of the package name):
    • sudo apt-get install ros-jade-PACKAGE
      • e.g.
      sudo apt-get install ros-jade-navigation

To find available packages, use:

apt-cache search ros-jade

The Ubuntu ARM package status is available at http://repositories.ros.org/status_page/ros_jade_arm.html

Install Sizes

Base Package

Total Install Size

407 MB

572 MB

Initialize rosdep

Before you can use ROS, you will need to install and initialize rosdep. rosdep enables you to easily install system dependencies for source you want to compile and is required to run some core components in ROS.

sudo apt-get install python-rosdep
sudo rosdep init
rosdep update

Environment setup

It's convenient if the ROS environment variables are automatically added to your bash session every time a new shell is launched:

echo "source /opt/ros/jade/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc

If you have more than one ROS distribution installed, ~/.bashrc must only source the setup.bash for the version you are currently using.

If you just want to change the environment of your current shell, you can type:

source /opt/ros/jade/setup.bash

Getting rosinstall

rosinstall is a frequently used command-line tool in ROS that is distributed separately. It enables you to easily download many source trees for ROS packages with one command.

To install this tool on Ubuntu, run:

sudo apt-get install python-rosinstall

Verifying OS name

Make sure your OS name defined at /etc/lsb-release is as the following. Since ros does not recognize Linaro as an OS, this is necessary. The following is for Ubuntu 14.04, trusty. Modify the release number and name as per your target.

DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu
DISTRIB_RELEASE=14.04
DISTRIB_CODENAME=trusty
DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION="Ubuntu 14.04"

Build farm status

The packages that you installed were built by ROS build farm. You can check the status of individual packages http://repositories.ros.org/status_page/ros_jade_arm.html.

Tutorials

Now, to test your installation, please proceed to the ROS Tutorials.

Obtain source code of the installed packages

If you know the location of the repository of each package, you know you can obtain all the code there. But it's often hard even for experienced developers to reach the correct maintained repository of certain packages. Also, in some situations you just want to get the source of the released, installed version of a package. The methods described here the best for these cases.

  • In earlier days of ROS (supposedly electric or earlier) you can obtain by the way noted in this question.

  • Now just apt-get source (sudo not needed) as following. You don't even need to explicitly specify deb-src entry etc. This downloads from the server all the files in the released version of the package (i.e. things not installed in the installation rule (e.g. CMakeLists.txt) are also included).

$ apt-get source ros-jade-laser-pipeline

A drawback might be that you have to specify a single, exact package name (asterisks do not work).

Using RVIZ

It is not recommended to run rviz on most ARM-based CPUs. They're generally too slow, and the version of OpenGL that is provided by the software (mesa) libraries it not new enough to start rviz.

'IF' you have a powerful board with a GPU and vendor-supplied OpenGL libraries, it might be possible to run rviz. The IFC6410 and the NVidia Jetson TK1 are two such boards where rviz will run, although neither is fast enough for graphics-heavy tasks such as displaying pointclouds.

Note that rviz will segfault if you have the GTK_IM_MODULE environment variable set, so it's best to unset it in your ~/.bashrc:

unset GTK_IM_MODULE


CategoryCategory

Ubuntu install of ROS Kinetic

We are building Debian packages for several Ubuntu platforms, listed below. These packages are more efficient than source-based builds and are our preferred installation method for Ubuntu. Note that there are also packages available from Ubuntu upstream. Please see UpstreamPackages to understand the difference.

Ubuntu packages are built for the following distros and architectures.

Distro

amd64

i386

armhf

Wily

X

X

Xenial

X

X

X

If you need to install from source (not recommended), please see source (download-and-compile) installation instructions.

If you rely on these packages, please support OSRF.

These packages are built and hosted on infrastructure maintained and paid for by the Open Source Robotics Foundation, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. If OSRF were to receive one penny for each downloaded package for just two months, we could cover our annual costs to manage, update, and host all of our online services. Please consider donating to OSRF today.

Installation

ROS Kinetic ONLY supports Wily (Ubuntu 15.10), Xenial (Ubuntu 16.04) and Jessie (Debian 8) for debian packages.

Configure your Ubuntu repositories

Configure your Ubuntu repositories to allow "restricted," "universe," and "multiverse." You can follow the Ubuntu guide for instructions on doing this.

Setup your sources.list

Setup your computer to accept software from packages.ros.org.

  • sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc) main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'

Mirrors

Source Debs are also available

Set up your keys

  • sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 --recv-key 421C365BD9FF1F717815A3895523BAEEB01FA116

If you experience issues connecting to the keyserver, you can try substituting hkp://pgp.mit.edu:80 or hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 in the previous command.

Installation

First, make sure your Debian package index is up-to-date:

  • sudo apt-get update

There are many different libraries and tools in ROS. We provided four default configurations to get you started. You can also install ROS packages individually.

In case of problems with the next step, you can use following repositories instead of the ones mentioned above ros-shadow-fixed

  • Desktop-Full Install: (Recommended) : ROS, rqt, rviz, robot-generic libraries, 2D/3D simulators, navigation and 2D/3D perception

    • sudo apt-get install ros-kinetic-desktop-full

      or click here

    Desktop Install: ROS, rqt, rviz, and robot-generic libraries

    • sudo apt-get install ros-kinetic-desktop

      or click here

    ROS-Base: (Bare Bones) ROS package, build, and communication libraries. No GUI tools.

    • sudo apt-get install ros-kinetic-ros-base

      or click here

    Individual Package: You can also install a specific ROS package (replace underscores with dashes of the package name):

    • sudo apt-get install ros-kinetic-PACKAGE
      e.g.
      sudo apt-get install ros-kinetic-slam-gmapping

To find available packages, use:

apt-cache search ros-kinetic

Initialize rosdep

Before you can use ROS, you will need to initialize rosdep. rosdep enables you to easily install system dependencies for source you want to compile and is required to run some core components in ROS.

sudo rosdep init
rosdep update

Environment setup

It's convenient if the ROS environment variables are automatically added to your bash session every time a new shell is launched:

echo "source /opt/ros/kinetic/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc

If you have more than one ROS distribution installed, ~/.bashrc must only source the setup.bash for the version you are currently using.

If you just want to change the environment of your current shell, instead of the above you can type:

source /opt/ros/kinetic/setup.bash

If you use zsh instead of bash you need to run the following commands to set up your shell:

echo "source /opt/ros/kinetic/setup.zsh" >> ~/.zshrc
source ~/.zshrc

Dependencies for building packages

Up to now you have installed what you need to run the core ROS packages. To create and manage your own ROS workspaces, there are various tools and requirements that are distributed separately. For example, rosinstall is a frequently used command-line tool that enables you to easily download many source trees for ROS packages with one command.

To install this tool and other dependencies for building ROS packages, run:

sudo apt-get install python-rosinstall python-rosinstall-generator python-wstool build-essential

Build farm status

The packages that you installed were built by the ROS build farm. You can check the status of individual packages here.

Tutorials

Now, to test your installation, please proceed to the ROS Tutorials.

Ubuntu install of ROS Lunar

We are building Debian packages for several Ubuntu platforms, listed below. These packages are more efficient than source-based builds and are our preferred installation method for Ubuntu. Note that there are also packages available from Ubuntu upstream. Please see UpstreamPackages to understand the difference.

Ubuntu packages are built for the following distros and architectures.

Distro

amd64

arm64

armhf

Xenial

X

X

X

Yakkety

X

Zesty

X

If you need to install from source (not recommended), please see source (download-and-compile) installation instructions.

If you rely on these packages, please support OSRF.

These packages are built and hosted on infrastructure maintained and paid for by the Open Source Robotics Foundation, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. If OSRF were to receive one penny for each downloaded package for just two months, we could cover our annual costs to manage, update, and host all of our online services. Please consider donating to OSRF today.

Installation

Configure your Ubuntu repositories

Configure your Ubuntu repositories to allow "restricted," "universe," and "multiverse." You can follow the Ubuntu guide for instructions on doing this.

Setup your sources.list

Setup your computer to accept software from packages.ros.org.

  • sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc) main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'

Mirrors

Source Debs are also available

Set up your keys

  • sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 --recv-key 421C365BD9FF1F717815A3895523BAEEB01FA116

If you experience issues connecting to the keyserver, you can try substituting hkp://pgp.mit.edu:80 or hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 in the previous command.

Installation

First, make sure your Debian package index is up-to-date:

  • sudo apt-get update

There are many different libraries and tools in ROS. We provided four default configurations to get you started. You can also install ROS packages individually.

In case of problems with the next step, you can use following repositories instead of the ones mentioned above ros-shadow-fixed

  • Desktop-Full Install: (Recommended) : ROS, rqt, rviz, robot-generic libraries, 2D/3D simulators, navigation and 2D/3D perception

    • sudo apt-get install ros-lunar-desktop-full

      or click here

    Desktop Install: ROS, rqt, rviz, and robot-generic libraries

    • sudo apt-get install ros-lunar-desktop

      or click here

    ROS-Base: (Bare Bones) ROS package, build, and communication libraries. No GUI tools.

    • sudo apt-get install ros-lunar-ros-base

      or click here

    Individual Package: You can also install a specific ROS package (replace underscores with dashes of the package name):

    • sudo apt-get install ros-lunar-PACKAGE
      e.g.
      sudo apt-get install ros-lunar-slam-gmapping

To find available packages, use:

apt-cache search ros-lunar

Initialize rosdep

Before you can use ROS, you will need to initialize rosdep. rosdep enables you to easily install system dependencies for source you want to compile and is required to run some core components in ROS.

sudo rosdep init
rosdep update

Environment setup

It's convenient if the ROS environment variables are automatically added to your bash session every time a new shell is launched:

echo "source /opt/ros/lunar/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc

If you have more than one ROS distribution installed, ~/.bashrc must only source the setup.bash for the version you are currently using.

If you just want to change the environment of your current shell, instead of the above you can type:

source /opt/ros/lunar/setup.bash

If you use zsh instead of bash you need to run the following commands to set up your shell:

echo "source /opt/ros/lunar/setup.zsh" >> ~/.zshrc
source ~/.zshrc

Dependencies for building packages

Up to now you have installed what you need to run the core ROS packages. To create and manage your own ROS workspaces, there are various tools and requirements that are distributed separately. For example, rosinstall is a frequently used command-line tool that enables you to easily download many source trees for ROS packages with one command.

To install this tool and other dependencies for building ROS packages, run:

sudo apt-get install python-rosinstall python-rosinstall-generator python-wstool build-essential

Build farm status

The packages that you installed were built by the ROS build farm. You can check the status of individual packages here.

Tutorials

Now, to test your installation, please proceed to the ROS Tutorials.

Ubuntu install of ROS Melodic

We are building Debian packages for several Ubuntu platforms, listed below. These packages are more efficient than source-based builds and are our preferred installation method for Ubuntu. Note that there are also packages available from Ubuntu upstream. Please see UpstreamPackages to understand the difference.

Ubuntu packages are built for the following distros and architectures.

Distro

amd64

arm64

armhf

Artful

X

Bionic

X

X

X

If you need to install from source (not recommended), please see source (download-and-compile) installation instructions.

If you rely on these packages, please support OSRF.

These packages are built and hosted on infrastructure maintained and paid for by the Open Source Robotics Foundation, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. If OSRF were to receive one penny for each downloaded package for just two months, we could cover our annual costs to manage, update, and host all of our online services. Please consider donating to OSRF today.

Installation

Configure your Ubuntu repositories

Configure your Ubuntu repositories to allow "restricted," "universe," and "multiverse." You can follow the Ubuntu guide for instructions on doing this.

Setup your sources.list

Setup your computer to accept software from packages.ros.org.

  • sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://packages.ros.org/ros/ubuntu $(lsb_release -sc) main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ros-latest.list'

Mirrors

Source Debs are also available

Set up your keys

  • sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 --recv-key 421C365BD9FF1F717815A3895523BAEEB01FA116

If you experience issues connecting to the keyserver, you can try substituting hkp://pgp.mit.edu:80 or hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 in the previous command.

Installation

First, make sure your Debian package index is up-to-date:

  • sudo apt-get update

There are many different libraries and tools in ROS. We provided four default configurations to get you started. You can also install ROS packages individually.

In case of problems with the next step, you can use following repositories instead of the ones mentioned above ros-shadow-fixed

  • Desktop-Full Install: (Recommended) : ROS, rqt, rviz, robot-generic libraries, 2D/3D simulators and 2D/3D perception

    • sudo apt-get install ros-melodic-desktop-full

      or click here

    Desktop Install: ROS, rqt, rviz, and robot-generic libraries

    • sudo apt-get install ros-melodic-desktop

      or click here

    ROS-Base: (Bare Bones) ROS package, build, and communication libraries. No GUI tools.

    • sudo apt-get install ros-melodic-ros-base

      or click here

    Individual Package: You can also install a specific ROS package (replace underscores with dashes of the package name):

    • sudo apt-get install ros-melodic-PACKAGE
      e.g.
      sudo apt-get install ros-melodic-slam-gmapping

To find available packages, use:

apt-cache search ros-melodic

Initialize rosdep

Before you can use ROS, you will need to initialize rosdep. rosdep enables you to easily install system dependencies for source you want to compile and is required to run some core components in ROS.

sudo rosdep init
rosdep update

Environment setup

It's convenient if the ROS environment variables are automatically added to your bash session every time a new shell is launched:

echo "source /opt/ros/melodic/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc

If you have more than one ROS distribution installed, ~/.bashrc must only source the setup.bash for the version you are currently using.

If you just want to change the environment of your current shell, instead of the above you can type:

source /opt/ros/melodic/setup.bash

If you use zsh instead of bash you need to run the following commands to set up your shell:

echo "source /opt/ros/melodic/setup.zsh" >> ~/.zshrc
source ~/.zshrc

Dependencies for building packages

Up to now you have installed what you need to run the core ROS packages. To create and manage your own ROS workspaces, there are various tools and requirements that are distributed separately. For example, rosinstall is a frequently used command-line tool that enables you to easily download many source trees for ROS packages with one command.

To install this tool and other dependencies for building ROS packages, run:

sudo apt-get install python-rosinstall python-rosinstall-generator python-wstool build-essential

Build farm status

The packages that you installed were built by the ROS build farm. You can check the status of individual packages here.

Tutorials

Now, to test your installation, please proceed to the ROS Tutorials.


2018-09-15 12:21